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REFERENCE SITE-OF-THE-DAY
ARCHIVE

December 2004

DATESITE OF THE DAY
12/01/04    How Mars Works
   Mars has fascinated us for years.This HowStuffWorks site examines the fascinating world of the red planet. Site looks at the major geologic features of the planet, the climate, how the planet was formed, what may have happened to it and is there or was there water and/or life on Mars. Related sites: Mars Exploration Rover Mission and BBC: Exploring Mars.
12/02/04    Aging Parents and Elder Care
   This site offers advice, comprehensive checklists, and links to key resources designed to make it easier for caregivers to quickly find the information they need and avoid missing things that are important in the care for their loved one.
12/03/04    Atomic Clock: The Official U.S. Time
   This public service is cooperatively provided by the two time agencies of United States: a Department of Commerce agency, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and its military counterpart, the U. S. Naval Observatory. Readings from the clocks of these agencies contribute to world time, called Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The time maintained by both agencies should never differ by more than 0.000 0001 seconds from UTC.
12/04/04    America's Job Bank
   Visit this site and see how it can help you find the job that's right for you. Thousands of new jobs are posted daily by employers searching for someone like you.
12/05/04    The Health Consequences of Smoking: A 2004 Report of the Surgeon General
   The Centers for Disease Control issued this new comprehensive report on smoking and health, revealing for the first time that smoking causes diseases in nearly every organ of the body.Ý Published 40 years after the surgeon generalís first report on smoking - which concluded that smoking was a definite cause of three serious diseases - this newest report finds that cigarette smoking is conclusively linked to diseases such as leukemia, cataracts, pneumonia and cancers of the cervix, kidney, pancreas and stomach.
12/06/04    Email Abuse
   What is Email abuse? The use of electronic mail to advertise unethically, harass, annoy, or cause harm to the email recipient. Abuse can take the form of bulk email, threatening email, email sent with the intent to slow productivity of, or cause damage to, the recipient's system. It is a world wide problem and anyone with an email address is vulnerable. This site is dedicated to informing users of this potential abuse and providing them with the tools to avoid becoming a victim and to fight back at Email abusers.
12/07/04    Your Access to Free Credit Reports
   Soon you will be able to get your credit report for free. A recent amendment to the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) requires each of the nationwide consumer reporting companies to provide you with a free copy of your credit report, at your request, once every 12 months. The FCRA promotes the accuracy and privacy of information in the files of the nationís consumer reporting companies. The Federal Trade Commission, the nationís consumer protection agency, enforces the FCRA with respect to consumer reporting companies.
12/08/04    Obituaries 101
   This site contains listings and links to all the obituary notices supplied online by all the newspapers in the United States. The states are arranged alphabetically with their newspapers listed by name and city. The site also lists prominent deaths for the date, as well as those reported in the Associated Press.
12/09/04    Guidelines For Good Nutrition
   The most recent recommendations come from the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine. These guidelines are significantly different from those of the past, particularly in regard to carbohydrates and fat. More fat is allowed, and carbohydrates have a lower minimum percentage - from 55 percent to 45 percent. This is due to research indicating that people with a certain body type and metabolic profile may benefit from fewer carbohydrates and more monounsaturated fat. Related site: Menus For Heart-healthy Eating.
12/10/04    The WWW Virtual Library
   The Virtual Library is the oldest catalog of the web, started by Tim Berners-Lee, the creator of html and the web itself. Unlike commercial catalogs, it is run by a loose confederation of volunteers, who compile pages of key links for particular areas in which they are expert; even though it isn't the biggest index of the web, the VL pages are widely recognized as being amongst the highest-quality guides to particular sections of the web.
12/11/04    Lost at Sea: The Search for Longitude
   This site is a companion to a PBS NOVA program. Based on the bestselling book Longitude by Dava Sobel, the program tells the story of how an unknown genius, John Harrison, discovered the key to navigating on the open seas and thus solved one of the thorniest problems of the 1700s.
12/12/04    Specialty Dictionaries
   Not even a native speaker knows all the words of his own language. Technical vocabulary is used only by specialists and so is not generally known by non-specialists. At this site you will find dictionaries and glossaries of specialized words in the English language, from Accounting to Wine.
12/13/04    Google Suggest
   As you type into the search box, Google Suggest guesses what you're typing and offers suggestions in real time. This is similar to Google's "Did you mean?" feature that offers alternative spellings for your query after you search, except that it works in real time. For example, if you type "bass," Google Suggest might offer a list of refinements that include "bass fishing" or "bass guitar." Similarly, if you type in only part of a word, like "progr," Google Suggest might offer you refinements like "programming," "programming languages," "progesterone," or "progressive." You can choose one by scrolling up or down the list with the arrow keys or mouse.
12/14/04    School Information Partnership
   The School Information Partnership is a public-private collaboration designed to empower parents, educators and policymakers to use the No Child Left Behind data to make informed decisions and improve school results. This site allows you to obtain data on your child's school performance and test scores with the click of a mouse. Free, easily accessible data is now available online that compares all of a state's public schools to each other so that parents, policy makers and community leaders can determine which schools are measuring up and which schools need help.
12/15/04    Home Energy Saver
   The Home Energy Saver calculates how much energy your home uses. It then offers recommendations on how to decrease that amount. The first web-based do-it-yourself energy audit tool. Start saving energy in your home today!
12/16/04    How Cholesterol Works
   Medical research shows that high levels of cholesterol are associated with heart disease, the nation's number one killer. Statistics say that more than half of all Americans have cholesterol levels that exceed the recommended total. This How Stuff Works sites helps you determine if you're at risk and, if you are, what you can do about it.
12/17/04    Cancer Mortality Maps & Graphs
   The Cancer Mortality Maps & Graph Web Site provides interactive maps, graphs (which are accessible to the blind and visually-impaired), text, tables and figures showing geographic patterns and time trends of cancer death rates for the time period 1950-1994 for more than 40 cancers.
12/18/04    Word Count
   This site looks at how we use words and how often we use them. Presenting the 86,800 most frequently used English words, ranked in order of commonality. The site uses data from the British National Corpus, a collection of more than 100 million words representing a cross-section of English usage.
12/19/04    Banished Words List: 2004
   Hardly looking 'metrosexual,' a 'shocked and awed' Lake Superior State University Word Banishment selection committee emerged from its spider hole with its annual List of Words Banished from the Queen's English for Mis-Use, Over-Use and General Uselessness. LSSU has been compiling the list since 1976, choosing from nominations sent from around the world. This year, words and phrases were pulled from more than 5,000 nominations.
12/20/04    America's Most Literate Cities 2004
   America's Most Literate Cities 2004 finds a statistical answer for 79 cities, drawing on numerous data sources to measure the public's propensity for reading. The information is complied from U.S. Census data, newspaper circulation rates, magazine publishing, educational attainment levels, library resources and booksellers.
12/21/04    America's Library
   This Web site is brought to you from the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., the largest library in the world and the nation's library. "We hope you will find this Web site entertaining and fun to use. And, of course, we hope you will learn something from it. The site was designed especially with young people in mind, but there are great stories for people of all ages, and we hope children and their families will want to explore this site together."
12/22/04    Medical Dictionary
   This site is an online medical dictionary containing easy-to-understand explanations of over 15,000 medical terms. This online medical dictionary provides quick access to hard-to-spell medical definitions through an extensive alphabetical listing.
12/23/04    An Outline of the U.S. Economy
   This report, released by the U.S. Department of State, charts the challenges and risks facing Americans and their economic well-being. The site examines how the American economy works, and explores how it evolved.
12/24/04    How Christmas Works
   For hundreds of millions of people around the world, Christmas is the biggest holiday of the year. Have you ever wondered where traditions like Santa Claus come from? Find out at this How Stuff Works site.
Related sites: How Christmas Lights Works / How Mistletoe Works.
12/25/04    How Christmas Works
   For hundreds of millions of people around the world, Christmas is the biggest holiday of the year. Have you ever wondered where traditions like Santa Claus come from? Find out at this How Stuff Works site.
Related sites: How Christmas Lights Works / How Mistletoe Works.
12/26/04    News Maps
   This site offers visual maps of the NewsIsFree headline database. News Maps allow you to quickly scan dozens of news articles and instantly understand what's being reported all over the world. Each square in the News Map is an article. You can obtain additional detail on each article by moving your mouse over it. You can read an article by clicking on it.
12/27/04    Consumers Reports: Best Buy Drugs
   Prescription drugs can be expensive, even if you have insurance coverage. But there are medicines that can effectively meet your medical needs and give you better value for your health care dollar. Consumer Reports Best Buy Drugs is a free public education service from the nonprofit Consumers Union, publisher of Consumer Reports. Millions of Americans trust Consumer Reports to provide expert, independent information about products and services, and to help them save money. The information on this website can help you learn about more affordable drug treatment options to discuss with your physician. We work with respected doctors and pharmacists to compare drugs and point you to those that are proven to work based on current scientific evidence. In concise, easy-to-read reports, we tell you what you need to know about the effectiveness, safety and cost of many widely used prescription drugs.
12/28/04    NASA: Human Space Flight
   Latest news and developments on all aspects of NASA's human space flight endeavors including the International Space Station, the Space Shuttle, and other space news.
12/29/04    USAID: Earthquake and Tsunami Relief
   The most effective way people can assist relief efforts is by making cash contributions to humanitarian organizations that are conducting relief operations. This site by the United States Agency for International Development encourages cash donations because they: allow aid professionals to procure the exact items needed (often in the affected region); reduce the burden on scarce resources (such as transportation routes, staff time, warehouse space, etc); can be transferred very quickly and without transportation costs; support the economy of the disaster-stricken region; ensure culturally, dietary, and environmentally appropriate assistance. Related site: American Red Cross.
12/30/04    North American Mammals
   This website includes detailed descriptions, images, and distribution ranges for more than 400 mammals native to the North American continent. The primary resources for the site have been based in the continental United States, but as the opportunity occurs, the site will be expanded to complete the species found in Canada and Mexico.
12/31/04    Earthquakes: 1995 - 2004
   Poynter Online's 'Links to the News' column compiles Web resources on current and previous news topics. This page links to resources about major earthquakes from 1995-2004. During this ten year period the Web became an important medium for sharing disaster related news.
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